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Tampa Museum of Art / Stanley Saitowitz | Natoma Architects

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code Tampa Museum of Art / Stanley Saitowitz | Natoma Architects

Bài gửi by rosebeast on 16/04/11, 09:16 pm

© James Ostrand

Architects: Stanley Saitowitz | Natoma Architects
Location: Tampa, FL, USA
Project team: Stanley Saitowitz, John Winder, Neil Kaye, Markus Bischoff
General Contractor: Skanska USA Building
Civil Engineering: WilsonMiller, Inc.
Structural Engineering: Walter P. Moore and Associates, Inc.
Project year: 2010
Photographs: Richard Barnes & James Ostrand

Museums began in ancient times as Temples, dedicated to the muses,
where the privileged went to be amused, to witness beauty, and to learn.
After the Renaissance museums went public with palatial structures
where the idea of the gallery arose, a space to display paintings and
sculpture. Later, museums became centers of education, researching,
collecting, and actively provoking thought and the exchange of ideas. By
presenting the highest achievements of culture, museums became a
stabilizing and regenerative force, crusading for quality and
excellence. The role of the modern museum is both aesthetic and
didactic, both Temple and Forum.
© Richard Barnes

The design of contemporary museum can be characterized by two polar
approaches. On the one-hand buildings which aim to be works of art in
themselves, independent sculptural objects as signatures of their
architects. The new Rome Museum is the most extreme example, where the
building opened empty, without any art to compromise its architecture.
On the opposite end of the spectrum are museums as containers, as
beautiful jewel boxes, treasure chests whose sole purpose is to be
filled with art, like the Tampa Museum.
© Richard Barnes

This museum is a neutral frame for the display of art, an empty
canvass to be filled with paintings. It is a beautiful but blank
container, a scaffold, to be completed by its contents. We are
interested in openness, in unknown possibilities in the future, in
Architecture as infrastructure. We have created compelling space in the
most discreet way, avoiding the building as an independent sculptural
object, and using space and light to produce form.
© Richard Barnes

A glass pedestal supports the jewelbox of art above. The building
floats in the park, embracing it with its overhanging shelter and
reflective walls. It is a hovering abstraction, gliding above the
ground. The building is not only in the landscape, but is the landscape,
reflecting the greenery, shimmering like the water, flickering like
clouds. It blurs and unifies, making the museum a park, the park a
© Richard Barnes

The long building is sliced in the center. This cut divides the
programs in two, the one public and open, the other support and closed.
Each of the two sections is organized around a court, one the lobby, the
other a courtyard surrounded by the offices and curatorial areas.
sections 01

The 40’ cantilever provides a huge public porch for the city, raising
all the art programs above the flood plane. The walk along this porch,
flanked by the park, focussed on the river, leads to the lobby. The
procession through this quiet and levitating space is the preparation
for viewing art.
© Richard Barnes

The lobby is at first horizontal, with entirely glass walls, two
clear, two etched. The clear walls allow the site to run through the
space, linking the Performing Art Building on the north with the turrets
and domes of the University of Tampa on the south. Above the glass, the
perforated ceiling wraps from the exterior into vertical perforated
walls that turn into an upper ceiling, perforated again by a series of
skylights. The galleries are reached from the lobby below via a dramatic
cinematic stair reaching up. Below the stair is a bed of river rock.
Off the lobby is a long glass room that houses the café and bookstore in a storefront along the riverwalk.
© Richard Barnes

We have built the most expansive and generous field of galleries as
instruments to enable, through curation, a world to expose art. They are
arranged in a circuit, surrounding the vertical courtyard void. The
galleries are blank, walls, floor and ceiling all shades of white,
silent like the unifying presence of snow. The floors are ground white
concrete with a saw cut grid to echo the illuminated white fabric
ceiling above. Linear gaps in the ceiling conceal sprinklers, air
distribution and lighting.
© Richard Barnes

The second segment, around the open court, contains all the support
for the museum. Offices surround the court on three sides. A bridge on
the lower level is a secondary crossing from preparation to storage, a
place for museum staff to be outside.
The image of the museum results from the nature of its surface – it
does not symbolize or describe. It disengages through neutral form,
providing a kind of pit stop in the attempt to represent. It is a moment
to savor things in themselves.
By day the surfaces appear to vary almost, but never quite. They are
smudged and stammering, with moray like images of clouds or water or
vegetation, a shimmering mirage of reflections. It is an expansive and
illusive image of a museum about things we don’t quite know, about
things we don’t quite see.
By day, light reflects on the surfaces.
© Richard Barnes

© Richard Barnes

By night, light emanates from the surfaces.
By night the exterior become a canvass for a show of light. The art
from within bleeds out onto the walls and escapes into the darkness. By
night it is the magical illumination of the skin changing colors and
patterns in endless variations which turn the building inside out,
revealing it secrets as it broadcasts light, color and form into the
city, duplicated in its reflection in the water.
This museum is both timeless and of our time, an electronic jewel
box, floating on a glass pedestal, a billboard to the future, and a
container to house works inspired with vision and able to show us other
ways to see our world. The museum hovers in the park, a hyphen between
ground and sky.


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